Safeguarding is our number one priority.
Designated Safeguarding Lead - Judith Ackers (Principal)
Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead - Mrs Diane Beardsmore
Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead - Mrs Rebecca Harris
To report a concern about a child or a concern of allegation that a staff member or volunteer has or may have harmed a child, may have committed a criminal offence related to a child, behaved towards a child or children in a way that indicated they may pose a risk of harm to children - contact:
- Staffordshire First Response Team on 0800 1313 126
- Outside office hours 0845 6042 886
- Ofsted (Monday to Friday) 0300 1234 234
- Police 101
Key contacts poster
2.0 Purpose & Aims
3.0 School Ethos
4.0 Safeguarding Definitions
5.0 Roles & Responsibilities
6.0 Designated Safeguarding Lead/Deputy Safeguarding Lead
7.0 Working with Parents & Carers
8.0 Procedures for Managing Concerns
9.0 Early Help
10.0 Types and Signs of Abuse
11.0 Keeping Children Safe in Education – Specific Safeguarding Agendas
12.0 Child Protection Conferences
14.0 Educational Visits
15.0 Intimate Care
16.0 Children with Medical Needs
17.0 Safer Recruitment
19.0 Educational Visitors to School
20.0 Managing Allegations
21.0 Vulnerable including Looked After Children (LAC)
22.0 Workforce Development
23.0 Training & Induction
24.0 Raising Awareness
25.0 Availability of DSL
26.0 Communication, Confidentiality & Information Sharing
27.0 Managing Complaints
28.0 Site security
29.0 Boarding Schools, residential special Schools and Children’s Homes
30.0 Adult safeguarding Board and DOLs
31.0 Early Years Foundations Stage (EYFS)
1 Key legislation
2 Additional documents
3 Safeguarding agendas process information
4 Related policies
5 MASH contacts
6 Key contacts
1.1 Manifold Academy fully recognises its responsibility to have a clear and secure framework in place to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
1.2 Practitioners who work with children in this school will read this policy within the framework of the following guidance:
- Keeping Children Safe in Education: Statutory Guidance 2016
- Working Together to Safeguard children (2015) Statutory Guidance
- Staffordshire Safeguarding Children’s Board Policies and Procedures
- What to do if you’re worried a child is being abused (2015)
1.3 Through their day-to-day contact with pupils and their direct work with families, all staff and volunteers in school have a crucial role to play in noticing indicators of possible abuse or neglect at an early stage.
1.4 This policy sets out how the school’s governing body discharges its statutory responsibilities relating to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children who are pupils at this school. Our policy applies to all staff; paid and unpaid, working in the school including governors. It is consistent with Staffordshire safeguarding children’s board (SSCB) procedures.
2.0 PURPOSE and AIMS
The purpose of Manifold Academy safeguarding policy is to ensure:
- Building resilience - raising awareness of child protection issues and equipping children with the language and skills needed to keep themselves safe. Establishing a safe environment in which children can learn and develop within an ethos of openness;
- Supporting vulnerable pupils - supporting pupils who have been abused, have witnessed violence towards others or may be vulnerable to abuse
- Preventing unsuitable people from working with children - ensuring we practice safe recruitment in checking the suitability of staff and volunteers to work with children.
We will follow the procedures set out by the Staffordshire local safeguarding children’s board and take account of guidance issued by the DfE to:
- Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is everyone’s responsibility.
- Protect children and young people at our school from maltreatment
- Prevent impairment of our children and young people’s health or development
- Ensure that children and young people at our school grow up in circumstances consistent with the provisions of safe and effective care.
- Offering children a balance curriculum including PHSE, SRE (sex and relationship education)
- Offering children and young people balanced curriculum through online activities, enabling them to enhance their skills and knowledge whilst understanding the risks.
- No single professional can have the full picture of a child’s needs and circumstances. Everyone who comes into contact with children and their family has a role to play in identifying concerns, sharing information and taking prompt action.
- Undertake the role so as to enable children and young people at our school to have best outcomes.
- As a school we have a clear understanding of our staffing group knowledge and understanding to embed safeguarding through systems so that safeguarding is a robust element of our school.
- Clear monitoring and reviewing process that the Governance arrangements of the school manage/develop.
- The voice of the child is evident in case files and informs schools policy developments.
- This policy has been developed to give clear direction to staff, volunteers, visitors/contractors and parents about expected behaviour and our legal responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of all our children at our school. We have a commitment to safeguarding/child protection in a multi-agency environment.
- The first step is to be alert to the signs of abuse and neglect, to have read this document and to understand the procedures set out in our school and the Staffordshire Safeguarding Children’s Board. As a staff member you should also consider what training would support you in your role to fulfil this duty.
3.1 The child’s welfare is of paramount importance, we are a child centred school.
3.2 We maintain a professional attitude of ‘it could happen here’ where safeguarding is concerned. When concerns about the welfare of a child, staff members will always act in the best interests of the child. This policy has been developed in-conjunction with our school culture of prevention, protection and support.
3.3 Our school will continue to maintain an ethos where pupils feel secure, are encouraged to talk, are listened to and feel safe. Children at our school are encouraged to talk freely with any staff member at our school if they are worried or concerned about something. We follow the below guidance: what-to-do-if-you are-worried-a-child-is-being-abused
3.4 Raising awareness of child protection issues and equipping children with the language and skills needed to keep them safe. Establishing a safe environment in which children can learn and develop within an ethos of openness.
- 0 SAFEGUARDING DEFINITIONS
Everyone who comes into contact with children and their families has a role to play in safeguarding children. We recognise that staff at our school plays a particularly important role as they are in a position to identify concerns early and provide help for children to prevent concerns from escalating. We also have developed systems as described in Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015 working-together-to-safeguard-children to form a wider system and prevent concerns from escalating.
The school follows the Staffordshire Safeguarding Children’s Board policies and procedures. Staffordshire Safeguarding Children's Board
5.0 ROLES and RESPONSIBILITIES
5.1 The Governance body/Head Teacher is accountable for ensuring the effectiveness of this policy and school compliance. The Governor/director has a named champion within Safeguarding: this is Judith Ackers, Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL).
5.2 The Headteacher is the Designated Safeguarding Lead so governors will monitor this post to ensure the post holder has the time and resources required to fulfil the duty.
5.3 The Designated Safeguarding Lead (Designated Safeguarding Lead)/Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead job description (Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead) (appendix B KCSIE 2016) has been added to each staff members job description. The Governance body have shared the content of ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education.’ (2016) with Designated Safeguarding Lead/Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead and are confident the individuals have the knowledge, understanding to carry out their roles appropriately. The designated safeguarding lead training is compliant with SSCB training strategy. Training-Quality-Strategies
5.4 The Governance Body ensures that the designated safeguarding lead understands they have the responsibility in leading safeguarding and child protection across the school. This individual has the appropriate status, authority, funding, resources, training and support to provide advice and guidance to all staff members within the school on child welfare and child protection. The designated safeguarding lead/deputy designated safeguarding lead officer receives appropriate and regular supervision from senior leadership team or external services.
5.5 The Governance Body ensures that the school is compliant with their 175/157 return to the Local Authority/Staffordshire Safeguarding Children Board. Any areas of concern in safeguarding are identified and action plan/risk assessment is developed annually. The Governance body ensures the school contributes to inter-agency working in-line with working-together-to-safeguard-children (2015) appropriately.
Governance body ensures safer recruitment procedures that include the requirement for appropriate checks in line with national guidance (see: Safeguarding Children and Safer Recruitment in Education Booklet)
5.6 The Governance body has overview of training schedule and future training requirements and this updated every term. All staff, volunteers and Governors have received an induction which includes basic safeguarding training compliant with Staffordshire Safeguarding Board. All staff, volunteers and Governors have read and understood the code of conduct annually and Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016 including hyperlinks. School has developed a system in-line with guidance below to ensure that regulated and non-regulated activities and staff supervision is understood across the school. The identification of volunteers, students, visitors can be clearly identified by our visitor system. Regulated Activity in relation to Children.
5.7 Governance body/Head Teacher ensures there is a current whistle blowing policy and that staff have received a copy and have the opportunity to raise concerns. There is a culture evident in school to raise concerns about poor or unsafe practice and such concerns are addressed professionally and sensitively in accordance with agreed whistle blowing procedures. Further guidance whistleblowing
5.9 The governance body/Head Teacher has a schedule of policies and procedures and set reviews time tabled annually to ensure they are current. The Governance body and designated safeguarding lead coordinate the updates with training schedule to support the culture of learning for all staff/volunteers. School update parents of new policies updates through newsletters and website.
5.10 Governance body/Head Teacher have ensured teaching staff are aware of their responsibility in reporting the disclosure of Female Genital Mutilation(FGM) that appears to have been carried out directly to Police. Government publications mandatory-reporting-of-female-genital-mutilation-procedural-information Teaching staff are required to update designated safeguarding lead of notification to Police. Further guidance to be found on multi-agency-statutory-guidance-on-female-genital-mutilation (Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003)
6.0 DESIGNATED SAFEGUARDING LEAD/ DEPUTY DESIGNATED SAFEGUARDING LEAD
6.1 The Designated Safeguarding lead will carry out their roles in accordance with Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016
6.2 Management of referrals: The designated safeguarding lead continually develops an understanding of the community the school serves, the risks and resilience. The designated safeguarding lead will have an understanding of staffing, volunteers and Governance arrangements and training needs for safeguarding across the school updating the Governance body and Head Teacher every term.
6.3 Refer cases of suspected abuse to Local Authority children’s social care, First Response as required; will represent School at child protection conferences and core group meetings. The Designated Safeguarding lead will be the expert within the school to support staff in liaising with other agencies, making assessments and referrals. Any staff member maybe required to be part of strategy discussions with other interagency meetings and contribute to the assessment of child/ren.
6.4 Designated Safeguarding Lead will support staff that makes referrals to local authority children’s social care, First Response;
6.5 Designated Safeguarding Lead will refer cases to the Channel programme where there is a radicalisation concern as required; also support staff that make referrals to the Channel programme;
6.6 Designated Safeguarding Lead will refer cases where a person is dismissed or left due to risk/harm to a child to the Disclosure and Barring Service as required.
6.7 Designated Safeguarding Lead will refer cases where a crime may have been committed to the Police as required.
6.8 Designated Safeguarding Lead will maintain robust systems to monitor and record training of all staff, volunteers, review annually, refresher time scales of training are evident. Training is delivered in-line with Training-Quality-Strategies. This will include bulletins, briefings and inset day training as well as external events attended. Regular updates are shared with staff and there is a system to record these communications.
6.9 Designated Safeguarding lead will ensure all staff and regular visitors have training on how to recognise indicators of concern, how to respond to a disclosure from a child and how to record and report this information accurately. Staff/volunteers will not make promises to any child and will not keep secrets. Every child will know what the adult will have to do with any information they have chosen to disclose to a staff member/volunteers.
6.10 The Designated Safeguarding Lead monitors the paper/electronic case management systems set up to record cause for concerns on students to ensure the quality of information is accurate, proportionate, and timely also assessment/referrals are made appropriately. The recording and storing of information is kept in-line with the-data-protection-act. Safeguarding and child protection records are kept separate from academic records; there is a clear recorded process of transfer of records to new schools. Chronologies case management systems at the front of all children/young people’s files; this gives clarity on summary/recognition of cumulative low level concerns which need to be monitored.
6.11 Designated Safeguarding Lead has developed systems for case management which is detailed, accurate, secure written/electronic records of concerns and referrals; also a system to monitor the quality through auditing of case files regularly. Systems are compliant with the-data-protection-act.
6.12 Designated Safeguarding lead has a clear system for Child Protection (section 47), Child in Need (section 17), Early Help Assessment (EHA/CAF) files being removed from school and returned; for what purpose e.g. case review meeting, SCR (Serious case reviews), DOH (Domestic Homicide Reviews)
6.13 Designated Safeguarding Lead will share risks and resilience of pupil/student proportionately with staff members/volunteers on a “need to know and in the child’s best interest” and this is recorded and monitored to ensure risks/progress of pupil/student is understood. The Designated Safeguarding Lead will clearly state reasons for sharing this information and that this is carried out in strict confidentiality, we follow safeguarding-practitioners-information-sharing-advice.
6.14 Designated Safeguarding lead ensures systems are in place to induct new staff/governors is robust and monitored and non-compliance is shared with Senior Leadership Team/Governance body. Designated Safeguarding lead will ensure induction policy is updated annually in-line with Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016.
6.15 Designated Safeguarding Lead understands and supports the school/college with regards to the requirements of the Prevent duty and is able to provide advice and support to staff on protecting children from the risk of radicalisation.
6.16 All staff will have access to resources/bulletins and attend any relevant or refresher training courses to update their professional development within safeguarding Designated Safeguarding Lead coordinates this centrally. The Teachers’ Standards 2012 teachers-standards state that teachers, including Head teachers, should safeguard children’s wellbeing and maintain public trust in the teaching profession as part of their professional duties. Training-Quality-Strategies. All staff are encouraged to have SSCB as their favourite on their computer and to access updates regularly as part of professional development. Staffordshire Safeguarding Children's Board
6.17 Designated Safeguarding Lead/Governance body encourages a culture of listening to children and taking account of their wishes and feelings, among all staff, in any measures the school/college may put in place to protect them. Designated Safeguarding Lead has developed systems to record these and ensure through case reviews the child/rens voice have been heard/recorded. Staffordshire Professionals Procedures
6.18 Working with others:
Designated Safeguarding Lead will liaise with the safeguarding team / safeguarding director to inform him or her of issues especially ongoing enquiries under section 47 of the Children Act 1989 and police investigations;
6.19 Designated Safeguarding Lead notifies children’s social care if a child with a child protection plan is absent for more than two days without explanation.
6.20 Designated Safeguarding Lead as required, liaise with the “case manager” and the LADO (designated officer(s) at the local authority for child protection concerns (all cases which concern a staff member); www.crackleybank.staffs.sch.uk/documents/schoolpolicies
6.21 Designated Safeguarding Lead will liaise with staff on matters of safety and safeguarding and when deciding whether to make a referral by liaising with relevant agencies. Act as a source of support, advice and expertise for staff. Risk assessments will be completed as required and should where appropriate involve other agencies.
6.22 Designated Safeguarding Lead where a parent chooses to remove their child/ren from school to EHE (Elected Home Educators) the school will make arrangements to pass any safeguarding concerns to the EHE Team within Staffordshire County Council and inform other professionals who are involved.
6.23 School at times may require further assistance from interpreters to support child and families. These services will be accessed with support of the Designated Safeguarding Lead.
6.24 The Designated Safeguarding Lead needs to have annual training updates along with the Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead.
6.25 All staff need annual update training.
7.0 WORKING WITH PARENTS/CARERS
7.1 School is committed to working in partnership with parents/carers to safeguard and promote the welfare of child/ren and to support them to understand our statutory responsibilities in this area.
7.2 When new pupils join our school, parents and carers will be informed that we have a safeguarding policy. A copy will be provided to parents on request and is available on the school website. Parents and carers will be informed of our legal duty to assist our colleagues in other agencies with child protection enquiries and what happens should we have cause to make a referral to Families First Services or other agencies.
7.3 We are committed to working with parents positively, openly and honestly. We ensure that all parents are treated with respect, dignity and courtesy. We respect parents’ rights to privacy and confidentiality and will not share sensitive information unless we have permission or it is necessary to do so in order to safeguard a child from harm.
7.4 We will seek to share with parents any concerns we may have about their child unless to do so may place a child at increased risk of harm. A lack of parental engagement or agreement regarding the concerns the school has about a child will not prevent the Designated Safeguarding Lead making a referral to social care, Families First in those circumstances where it is appropriate to do so.
7.5 In order to keep children safe and provide appropriate care for them, the school requires parents to provide accurate and up to date information regarding:
- Full names and contact details of all adults with whom the child normally lives;
- Full names and contact details of all persons with parental responsibility (if different from above);
- Emergency contact details (if different from above);
- Full details of any other adult authorised by the parent to collect the child from school (if different from the above).
- Any legal or criminal changes which effects parental responsibility e.g. Bail condition, court orders, Multi – Agency Risk Assessment Conference (MARAC).
7.6 The School will retain this information on the pupil file. The school will only share information about pupils with adults who have parental responsibility for a pupil or where a parent has given permission and the school has been supplied with the adult’s full details in writing.
8.0 PROCEDURES FOR MANAGING CONCERNS
8.1 All staff are encouraged to report any concerns that they have and not see these as insignificant. On occasions, a referral is justified by a single incident such as an injury or disclosure of abuse. More often however, concerns accumulate over a period of time and are evidenced by building up a picture of harm over time; this is particularly true in cases of emotional abuse and neglect. In these circumstances, it is crucial that staff record and pass on concerns in accordance with this policy to allow the Designated Safeguarding Lead to build up a picture and access support for the child at the earliest opportunity. Further guidance can be found at Staffordshire Thresholds-and-CAF/Thresholds-and-Early-Help document
8.2 The signs of child abuse might not always be obvious and a child might not tell anyone what is happening to them. You should therefore question behaviours if something seems unusual and try to speak to the child, alone, if appropriate, to seek further information. Following guidance What to do if you're worried a child is being abused. If a child reports, following a conversation you have initiated or otherwise, that they are being abused and neglected, you should listen to them, take their allegation seriously, and reassure them that you will take action to keep them safe. You will need to decide the most appropriate action to take, depending on the circumstances of the case, the seriousness of the child’s allegation and the local multi-agency safeguarding arrangements in place
8.3 All concerns about a child/ young person or family should be reported without delay and recorded in writing/electronic system using agreed template/electronic system without delay. Informing the Designated Safeguarding Lead and following schools procedure.
Following receipt of any information raising concern, the Designated Safeguarding Lead will consider what action to take and seek further advice from First Response or Education Safeguarding Advice Service (ESAS) as required. All information and actions taken, including the reasons for any decisions/actions made, will be fully documented on child’s record.
It is not the responsibility of the school to investigate welfare concerns or determine the truth of any disclosure or allegation. All staff, however, we will have a duty to recognise concerns and pass the information on in accordance with the procedures outlined in this policy.
Staff members are encouraged if they have any concerns about a child they will need to have a conversation with the Designated Safeguarding Lead to agree a course of action, although any staff member can make a referral to Children’s Social Care or Police. Other options could include referral to specialist services or early help services and should be made in accordance with the referral threshold set by the Staffordshire Safeguarding Children Board.
8.4 If anyone other than the Designated Safeguarding Lead makes the referral they should inform the Designated Safeguarding Lead, as soon as possible. The local authority should make a decision within one working day of a referral being made about what the next stages are.
8.5 Any member of staff who does not feel that concerns about a child have been responded to appropriately and in accordance with the procedures out lined in this policy or SSCB should raise their concerns with Headteacher or Governance body. If any member of staff does not feel the situation has been addressed appropriately at this point should contact First Response directly with their concerns using link below.
The below hyper link directs you to your local children’s social care contact number. Report-child-abuse-to-local-council
8.6 Escalation-Procedure (section 7A)- Staffordshire Safeguarding Children Board expects members of staff working directly with families to share information appropriately and work to plans agreed in all relevant forums. Good practice includes the expectation that constructive challenge amongst colleagues within agencies and between agencies provides a healthy approach to the work. Where members of staff from any agency feel concerns regarding a child are not being addressed it is expected that the escalation process should be used until a satisfactory conclusion is reached.
The process of resolution should be kept as simple as possible and the aim should be to resolve difficulties at a professional practitioner level wherever possible. It should be recognised that differences in status and experience may affect the confidence of some workers to pursue this course of action and support should be sought from the schools designated safeguarding lead.
9.0 EARLY HELP – EHA
9.1 Designated Safeguarding Lead will ensure staff are aware of the Staffordshire Early Help Strategy/process, and understand their role in it. This includes identifying emerging problems, liaising with the Designated Safeguarding Lead, sharing information with other professionals to support early identification and assessment and, wherever possible and appropriate, acting as the lead professional in undertaking an early help assessment.
9.2 Every member of staff including volunteers working with children at our school are advised to maintain an attitude of ‘professional curiosity and respectful uncertainty’ where safeguarding is concerned. When concerned about the welfare of a child, staff members should always act in the interests of the child and have a responsibility to take action as outline in this policy.
9.3 Early help is a key part of a wider continuum of engagement with families and will work alongside universal services. For early intervention to be successful each stage of the process must be carried out well and followed through by every person who works with children, young people and families and has an individual responsibility for early help.
9.4 Practitioners should complete an Early Help Assessment (EHA) when: staffordshire getting help early
- Age appropriate progress is not being made and the causes are unclear or development progress is being met
- The support of more than one additional agency is needed to meet the child or young person’s needs.
- Child/ren do not meet safeguarding of SSCB threshold yet concerns are emerging e.g. attendance, behavioural, academic progress, change in behaviour
9.5 The school EHA lead may need to make a referral directly to other agencies, or request the support of Staffordshire County Council Local Support Team (LST). staffordshire getting help early The School will inform the LST Co-ordinator when an EHA has been started, and when it is closed, irrespective of whether or not there is an LST worker involved with the family. This is so that a record of that involvement can be maintained on Capita, it also enables the Safeguarding Children’s Board to monitor the contribution made by school to the provision of Early Help across the county.
9.6 The Designated Safeguarding Lead or EHA officer (delete as appropriate) meets on a regular termly basis to discuss concerns, additional children accessing further support with the Families First officer that is linked to the school using the Thresholds-and-CAF/Thresholds-and-Early-Help. These meetings are recorded and are appended as part of the individual case management system of the pupil’s files. This opportunity enables a clear assessment of additional support and services that could be offered further guidance: Staffordshire Education Safeguarding Advice Service
Guidance on responding to a child disclosing abuse:
The following list should be used as advice for teachers in the event that a child discloses information relating to abuse that they may be suffering to them:
- Stay calm
- Listen carefully to what is said
- Do not promise to keep secrets –find an appropriate early opportunity to explain that it is likely that the information will need to be shared with others. NB: If the child is Fraser/Gillick competent (i.e. they have a good understanding of the situation and areintelligent enough to deal with the situation on their own.) then staff members should not inform parents or guardians if the young person doesn’t comply.
- Allow the child to continue at her/his own pace
- Only ask questions for clarification purposes –at all times avoid asking questions that suggest a particular answer
- Reassure the child that they have done the right thing in telling you
- Tell them what you will do next and with whom the information will be shared
- Record in writing what was said using the child’s own words as soon as possible –note date, time, any names mentioned and to whom the information was given and ensure that the record is signed and dated. In the case that a child or adult discloses any information regarding abuse that they may have suffered, the information should be passed onto the school’s Child Protection Officer. If the designated safeguarding lead is not available, any urgent concerns should be passed on to the relevant social services authority or the Police.
10.0 TYPES AND SIGNS OF ABUSE
10.1 As a school we are aware that abuse, neglect and safeguarding issues are rarely standalone events that can be covered by one definition or label. In most cases multiple issues will overlap with one another. Promoting the welfare of children (section H)
10.2 Abuse: a form of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm or by failing to act to prevent harm. Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting by those known to them or, more rarely, by others (e.g. via the internet). They may be abused by an adult or adults or another child or children.
Physical abuse: a form of abuse which may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.
Emotional abuse: the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and adverse effects on the child’s emotional development. It may involve conveying to a child that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person. It may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate. It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are beyond a child’s developmental capability as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interaction. It may involve seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another. It may involve serious bullying (including cyberbullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, although it may occur alone.
Sexual abuse: involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for example rape or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and touching outside of clothing. They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet). Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males. Women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.
Neglect: the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to: provide adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment); protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger; ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers); or ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment. It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.
11.0 KEEPING CHILDREN SAFE IN EDUCATION (2016) SPECIFIC SAFEGUARDING ISSUES:
11.1 All staff in our school has an awareness of safeguarding issues- some of which are listed below. We enable our staff to be aware that behaviours linked to the likes of drug taking, alcohol abuse, truanting and sexting; which puts children in danger. All staff are aware of the Designated Safeguarding Lead who is the expert within our School is there to support staff, volunteers and Governance body further support.
11.2 All school staff are aware safeguarding issues can manifest themselves via peer on peer abuse. This is most likely to include, but not limited to: bullying (including cyber bullying), gender based violence/sexual assaults and sexting. Further guidance on peer on peer abuse can be found in behaviour policy and procedures.
- 3Expert and professional organisations are best placed to provide up-to-date guidance and practical support on specific safeguarding issues. For example information for schools and colleges can be found on the TES , MindEd and the NSPCC websites. School and college staff can access government guidance as required on the issues listed below via GOV.UK and other government websites:
- Bullying including Cyberbullying
- Children missing education
- Child missing from home or care
- Child sexual exploitation (CSE)
- Domestic violence
- Fabricated or induced illness
- Faith abuse
- Female genital mutilation (FGM)
- Forced marriage
- Gangs and youth violence
- Gender-based violence/violence against women and girls (VAWG)
- Mental health
- Missing children and adults strategy
- Private fostering
- Preventing radicalisation
- Relationship abuse
- Honour Based Violence
For further details and hyperlinks see appendix 1
- 4Children with Special Educational Needs or Disabilities
This is a vulnerable group that need to be safeguarded. These pupils will be closely monitored by the school’s SENCO who is also the Designated Safeguarding Lead.
12.0 CHILD PROTECTION CONFERENCES
12.1 Section 17- A child in need is defined under section 17(10) of the Children Act 1989 as a child who is unlikely to achieve or maintain a reasonable level of health or development, or whose health or development is likely to be significantly or further impaired, without the provision of services; or a child who is disabled.
Section 47- If the local authority have reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm they have a duty to make enquires under section 47 to enable them to decide whether they should take any action to safeguard and promote the child’s welfare. This duty also applies if a child is subject to an emergency protection order (under section 44 of the Children Act 1989) or in police protective custody under section 46 of the Children Act 1989.
Detailed information on statutory assessments can be found in Chapter 1 of Working together to safeguard children Staffordshire Managing-Individual-Cases (section 3E)
12.2 Children’s Services will convene a Child Protection conference once a child protection enquiry under Section 47 of the Children Act 1989 has been undertaken and the child is judged to be at continuing risk of significant harm. A review conference will take place once a child has been made the subject of a Child Protection Plan in order to monitor the safety of the child and the required reduction in risk.
- 3 Designated Safeguarding Lead/Staff members may be asked to attend a child protection conference or core group meetings on behalf of the school in respect of individual children. In any event, the person attending will require to have as much relevant up to date information/case files about the child as possible; any member of staff will be required to contribute to this process. The representative attending must contribute on behalf of their agency a recommendation on the risks/protective factors for the family from their factual information and a view on a need for child protection plan.
- 4 All reports for child protection conferences will be prepared in advance using the guidance and education report template provided by Families First Service. The information contained in the report will be shared with parents before the conference as appropriate and will include information relating to the child’s physical, emotional and intellectual development and the child’s presentation at school. In order to complete such reports, all relevant information will be sought from staff working with the child in school through the Designated Safeguarding Lead.
- 5 Clearly child protection conferences can be upsetting for parents. We recognise that we are likely to have more contact with parents than other professionals involved. We will work in an open and honest way with any parent whose child has been referred to Families First Services or whose child is subject to a child protection plan. Our responsibility is to promote the protection and welfare of all children and our aim is to achieve this in partnership with our parents.
- 6 Child in Need (section 17)
A ‘Child in Need’ referral should be considered where the needs of the child are unlikely to be met under an EHA, such as a child with complex disabilities, when a social work led assessment is required.
12.7 Section 17 of the Children Act says that an assessment for services should be undertaken by the Local Authority in the following circumstances:
- Child/ren are unlikely to achieve or maintain, or to have opportunity to achieve or maintain a reasonable standard of health or development, without the provision of services by a local authority.
- Their health or development is likely to be impaired, or further impaired without the provision of such services.
- They are disabled.
- Where prevention strategies have been designed and monitored without desired outcomes being met.
- 8 If the designated safeguarding lead considers that the welfare concerns indicate that a ‘Child in Need’ referral is appropriate, he/she will speak with parents / young person and obtain their consent for referral to the First Response Team (FRT) (Staffordshire Thresholds-for-Intervention-Guidance )or the appropriate social care team if a different authority, to request an assessment. If parents refuse to give consent, but the child’s needs are not being met, the designated safeguarding lead will discuss the issues with the FRT.
- 9 Appropriate school/college staff should be invited to participate in Child in Need (CIN) meetings convened by Children’s Social Care when children are deemed to require section 17 services.
13.1 Throughout our curriculum we will provide activities and opportunities for children to develop the skills they need to identify risks and stay safe. This will also be extended to include material that will encourage our children to develop essential life skills. Manifold Academy works with children, parents and staff to create to an ethos of mutual respect and will robustly address concerns that children are suffering abuse due to the behaviour of other pupils. Pupils are encouraged to talk to staff if they have worries and concerns, and there are processes where they can report any problems confidentially and anonymously. The school has a culture of trust and openness. Any and every concern by children and other members of the school community are taken seriously and where necessary acted upon swiftly. It would then be for the members of staff to determine next actions which is likely to include a discussion with the DSL. Parents and carers are also encouraged to talk to staff if they have concerns, and should refer the matter to the DSLs in the setting if they feel that the matter is not being addressed or the situation is not improving.
This school will follow our Anti bullying policy and follow the Behaviour and reward Policy should sanctions be necessary. If the concerns are in respect to an allegation of a criminal nature, the school may share information with the police without reference to the parents, carers or the children e.g. physical assault, sexual assault, sexting (see e.safety section of policy below). In regards to allegations or concerns that a child has demonstrated harmful sexual behaviour, we will follow the SSCB procedure in this regard (procedure 4i) and also share information about the child or children involved with children’s social care. In order to protect all children at the school, we may need to impose disciplinary sanctions in regards to a child who has harmed, or may pose a risk to, another child, or implement risk management procedures which may restrict movement of the child in our setting, or restrict activities. It is the responsibility of every staff member, supply staff, volunteer and regular visitor to the school to carry out the requirements of this policy so that we can provide a safe environment in which children can learn.
At Manifold Academy we provide a broad and balanced curriculum, we follow a diversity curriculum within SMSC, we have a responsive and planned PSHE at an age-appropriate level we can proudly say that we endorse British and religious values. The school does not stick rigidly to any published resources but we use a wide range of resources including artefacts brought into school and online resources. The safeguarding of children and everyone at school is the stated priority for the school and, therefore, online safety has a high priority itself including all computer users having individual passwords and having to follow an Acceptable Use Policy. The school has in the past arranged a number of workshops to enable parents to be better informed about online safety.
14.0 EDUCATIONAL VISITS
The school follows the Staffordshire County Council Educational Visits policy. All proposed visits are considered by the Educational Visits Co-ordinator and are signed off by Headteacher
15.0 INTIMATE CARE
Please refer to Early Years Policies on the school website.
16.0 CHILDREN WITH MEDICAL NEEDS (including administering medicine)
Asthma policy – Please refer to the Medicines Policy on the school website.
17.0 SAFER RECRUITMENT
17.1 We will ensure that the Headteacher and at least one member of the Governance Body have completed appropriate safer recruitment training. At all times the Headteacher and Governing Body will ensure that safer recruitment practices are followed in accordance with the requirements of ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’, DfE (2016).
17.2 Safer recruitment procedures that include the requirement for appropriate checks in line with national guidance (see: Schools recruitment Safeguarding_Children_and_Safer_Recruitment_in_Education_Booklet)
17.3 At Manifold Academy we will use the recruitment and selection process to deter and reject unsuitable candidates. We require evidence of original academic certificates. We do not accept testimonials and insist on taking up references prior to interview. We will question the contents of application forms if we are unclear about them, we will undertake Disclosure and Barring Service checks and use any other means of ensuring we are recruiting and selecting the most suitable people to work with our children. We will check particularly for staff coming in from Europe and prohibition checks will be completed for all staff (T.A’s included).
17.4 We will maintain a Single Central Register of all safer recruitment checks carried out in line with statutory requirements. Guest visitors will also be checked in-line with statutory requirements and risk assessed robustly. The Governance Body will check the SCR on a term basis and record accuracy and actions to SLT and Governance.
18.0 SAFER WORKING PRACTICE
18.1 All adults who come into contact with our children have a duty of care to safeguard and promote their welfare. There is a legal duty placed upon us to ensure that all adults who work with or on behalf of our children are competent, confident and safe to do so.
18.2 All staff including supply/volunteers will be provided with a copy of our school’s code of conduct at induction. They will be expected to know our school’s Code of Conduct and policy for positive handling and carry out their duties in accordance with this advice. There will be occasion when some form of physical contact is inevitable, for example if a child has an accident or is hurt or is in a situation of danger to themselves or others around them. However, at all times the agreed policy for safe restraint must be adhered to. A list of staff that have accessed Staffordshire physical intervention training will be kept by the Headteacher/Designated Safeguarding Lead and updated in-line with Staffordshire policy. All incidents will be recorded in-line with guidance.
18.3 If staff, visitors, volunteers or parent helpers are working with children alone they will, wherever possible, be visible to other members of staff. They will be expected to inform another member of staff of their whereabouts in school, who they are with and for how long. Doors, ideally, should have a clear glass panel in them and be left open.
18.4 Guidance about acceptable conduct and safe practice will be given to all staff and volunteers during induction. These are sensible steps that every adult should take in their daily professional conduct with children. This advice can be found in ‘Guidance for Safer Working Practices for Adults who work with Children and Young People in Educational settings’, DCSF, March 2009. All staff and volunteers are expected to carry out their work in accordance with this guidance and will be made aware that failure to do so could lead to disciplinary action.
19.0 EDUCATIONAL VISITORS TO SCHOOL
19.1 The school will undertake risk assessment and use their professional judgement and experience when deciding whether to seek an enhanced DBS for any volunteer not engaging in regulated activity. We follow guidance for non-regulated activities.
In doing so we will consider:
- What we know about the individual/company, including formal and informal information offered by staff, parents, other establishments or volunteers.
- Whether the individual/company has other employment or undertakes voluntary activities where references can be advise and suitability recorded.
- Whether the role is eligible for an enhanced DBS check
- We will clearly have decided the level of supervision required through risk assessment – the supervision will be “reasonable in all the circumstances to ensure the protection of children” as stated in KCSIE 2016
- We have clear visitor’s procedure that enables us to offer pupil experiences of meeting other professionals to extend knowledge and curriculum. This clearly states whether they are supervised or unsupervised within the school.
This policy links with the Prevent duty (hyper link schools policy)
20.0 MANAGING ALLEGATIONS AGAINST STAFF, PEER on PEER & VOLUNTEERS
20.1 The governance body ensures there are procedures in place to manage allegations of abuse against staff members, peer on peer and Head Teachers.
20.2 Our aim is to provide a safe and supportive environment which secures the wellbeing and very best outcomes for the children at our school. We do recognise that sometimes the behaviour of adults may lead to an allegation of abuse being made.
Peer-on-peer abuse is captured in four key definitions (Firmin 2013a):
- The definition for domestic abuse (Home Office 2013) relates to young people aged 16 and 17 who experience physical, emotional, sexual and/or financial abuse, and coercive control, in their intimate relationships
- The definition for child sexual exploitation (DCSF 2009) captures young people aged under-18 who are sexually abused in the context of exploitative relationships, contexts and situations by a person of any age – including another young person
- The definition for young people who display harmful sexual behaviour refers to any young person, under the age of 18, who demonstrates behaviour outside of their normative parameters of development (this includes, but is not exclusive to abusive behaviours) (Hackett 2011, NICE 2014)
- Serious youth violence is defined with reference to offences (as opposed to relationships/contexts) and captures all those of the most serious in nature. (London Safeguarding Children Board 2009)
20.3 The term peer-on-peer abuse can refer to all of these definitions. Any response to peer on peer abuse needs to cut across these definitions and capture the complex web of young people’s experiences.
20.4 Our response to peer on peer abuse needs to have a holistic assessment of both/all of the young people’s needs; an assessment of the ‘perpetrator’ of the abuse will also be required if they are under the age of 18.
20.5 The assessment of risk, and subsequent interventions with young people, needs to recognise that individual experiences do not cause the abuse that they experience, but may be used by others who have power over them.
20.6 We are clear as a school in our understanding of consent:
The Sexual Offences Act 2003 states consent is ‘if she or he agrees by choice, and has the freedom and capacity to make that choice’. There are three important parts to this.
- - choice – a deliberate decision;
- - Capacity to consent. E.g. is the person old enough, are they intoxicated by alcohol or affected by drugs?
- - whether a person makes their choice freely, without manipulation, exploitation or duress
In all cases, the law is clear that it is the responsibility of the person seeking consent who has the responsibility to ensure that the other person agrees by choice and has the freedom and capacity to make that choice.
20.7 Allegations sometimes arise from a differing understanding of the same event, but when they occur they are distressing and difficult for all concerned. We also recognise that many allegations are genuine and there are some adults who deliberately seek to harm or abuse children.
20.8 We will take all possible steps to safeguard our children and to ensure that the adults in our school are safe to work with children. We will always ensure that the procedures outlined in Staffordshire Safeguarding Children's Board Protocol: Managing Allegations of abuse Against Persons who work with Children and role of LADO and Part 4 of ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’, DfE (2016) are adhered to and will seek appropriate advice from the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO). The LADO can be contacted on 0800 1313126
20.9 If an allegation is made or information is received about an adult who works in our setting which indicates that they may be unsuitable to work with children, the member of staff receiving the information should inform the Headteacher immediately. If it about the proprietor of the academy then this needs to be raised with the Designated Safeguarding Lead. Should an allegation be made against the Headteacher, this will be reported to the Governance body. In the event that neither the Headteacher nor Governance Body is not contactable on that day, the information must be passed to and dealt with by either the member of staff acting as Headteacher or the Vice Chair of Governors.
20.10 The Headteacher or Chair of Governors will seek advice from the LADO within one working day. No member of staff or the governing body will undertake further investigations before receiving advice from the LADO.
20.11 Any member of staff or volunteer who does not feel confident to raise their concerns with the Headteacher or Chair of Governors should contact the LADO directly on 0800 1313126.
20.12 The School has a legal duty to refer to the Disclosure and Barring Service anyone who has harmed, or poses a risk of harm, to a child, or if there is reason to believe the member of staff has committed one of a number of listed offences, and who has been removed from working (paid or unpaid) in regulated activity, or would have been removed had they not left. The DBS will consider whether to bar the person. If these circumstances arise in relation to a member of staff at our school, a referral will be made as soon as possible after the resignation or removal of the individual in accordance with advice from the LADO and/or HR. the designated Safeguarding lead has a responsibility to inform Barring service.
21.0 VULNERABLE CHILDREN – including LAC
21.1 We recognise that our safeguarding responsibilities are clearly linked to our responsibilities for ensuring that appropriate safeguarding responses are in place for children who are absent from school or who go missing from education. We will inform the local authority of any pupil who fails to attend school regularly, or who has been absent without school permission for a continuous period of 10 school days or more. We also recognise that safeguarding against radicalisation and extremism is no different to safeguarding against any other vulnerability in today’s society. Our staff alert to signs to look out for and the individual triggers to be aware of when considering the risks of potential safeguarding concerns such as travelling to conflict zones, FGM and forced marriage.
21.2 As a school we are aware that the potential for children with SEND may have additional barriers when it comes to safeguarding, the school recognises that this group can be more vulnerable to abuse and neglect. The warning signs and symptoms of child abuse and neglect can vary from child to child. Disabled children may be especially vulnerable to abuse, including because they may have an impaired capacity to resist or avoid abuse. They may have speech, language and communication needs which may make it difficult to tell others what is happening. Children also develop and mature at different rates so what appears to be worrying for a younger child might be normal behaviour for an older child. Parental behaviours may also indicate child abuse or neglect, so you should also be alert to parent-child interactions which are concerning and other parental behaviours. This could include parents who are under the influence of drugs or alcohol or if there is a sudden change in their mental health. By understanding the warning signs, you can respond to problems as early as possible and provide the right support and services for the child and their family. It is important to recognise that a warning sign doesn’t automatically mean a child is being abused.
21.3 Heightened vulnerability lined to:
- Communications skills
- Maturity (Lower cognitive ability)
- Perceptions of intent from others
- Lower self-esteem/confidence
- Potential to trust unreservedly
- A need to have “friends” or find a partner
- Differing boundaries
- Online safety – digital technology understanding
A combination of these factors can make them more susceptible to risks.
21.4 All children, including disabled children and children with impairments and
additional needs, deserve the opportunity to achieve their full potential. In
support of this it is important that their needs are considered in the same way as for any other child and as outlined in Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015.
Children have said that they need:
- Vigilance: to have adults notice when things are troubling them
- Understanding and action: to understand what is happening; to be heard and understood; and to have that understanding acted upon.
- Stability: to be able to develop an on-going stable relationship of trust with those helping them.
- Respect: to be treated with the expectation that they are competent rather than not.
- Information and engagement: to be informed about and involved in procedures, decisions, concerns and plans.
- Explanation: to be informed of the outcome of assessments and decisions and how they have been reached, positive or negative.
- Support: to be provided with support in their own right as well as a member of their family.
- Advocacy: to be provided with advocacy to assist them in putting forward their views.
21.5 Looked after children: Staffordshire’s Virtual School for Looked After Children provides a support and challenge role for schools and Local Authority teams in the form of staffing support; access to additional resources to support educational outcomes; information, advice and guidance (especially around Personal Education Plans); monitoring and tracking of educational outcomes and targets, and training and support at key transitional moments. Initiated by Care Matters, Time for Change (2007), all Local Authorities are advised to support the raising of the educational attainment and achievement of their Looked After Children through the overarching support of a Virtual School. The responsibility for each child’s education, target setting, learning and teaching remains with the schools where they are enrolled.
The governing body must ensure that the designated teacher undertakes
appropriate training (section 20(2) of the 2008 Act).
21.6 The role of the designated teacher within the school Designated-teacher-for-looked-after-children
The designated teacher plays a crucial role leading the responsibility for helping school staff understand the things which affect how looked after children learn and achieve.
The designated teacher will:
- Promotes a culture of high expectations and aspirations for how looked after children learn
- Makes sure the young person has a voice in setting learning targets
be a source of advice for staff about differentiated teaching strategies
appropriate for individual children and in making full use of Assessment
- Makes sure that looked after children are prioritised in one-to-one tuition arrangements and that carers understand the importance of supporting
learning at home.
- Has the lead responsibility for the development and implementation of the child’s personal education plan (PEP) within the school.
The LAC designated teacher is: Judith Ackers
22.0 WORKFORCE and DEVELOPMENT
22.1 As a school we have a clear framework of supporting and training our staffing group. On an annual basis all staff receives an appraisal which includes identification of training needs across safeguarding agenda highlighted in Keep Children Safe in Education 2016. Teaching standards defines the role and responsibility of teaching staff to continually develop their knowledge and understanding and as a school we develop this as part of our working culture. As a school on an annual basis we have a recorded training schedule developed to meet the needs of the staffing group knowledge and understanding to enable a robust culture in safeguarding and agendas consistently across the school.
22.2 We have a clear inductions process for staff, volunteers and Governors this includes safeguarding roles, responsibilities and processes. See school website – Induction Aide Memoire. This includes the code of conduct hyper link, basic safeguarding training, the role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead officer, signs and symptoms of abuse, how to manage a disclosure from a child, how to record and issues around confidentiality.
22.3 Section one of Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016 all staff, volunteers and Governance body receive a copy and briefing sessions on implementation. Governance Body, Head Teachers, Middle Management, designated safeguarding lead all receive full document and sessions on how this is implemented and monitored by Governance body/Head Teacher, SLT and designated safeguarding lead.
22.4 We value our volunteers and as part of this we offer supervision where there is a focus on safeguarding, these are recorded.
22.5 As a school we have developed systems to ensure that staff training and quality assurance systems around safeguarding are robust and monitored by Governance body.
23.0 TRAINING - DESIGNATED SAFEGUARDING LEAD
23.1 The Designated Safeguarding Lead (and any deputies) should undergo training to provide them with the knowledge and skills required to carry out the role. This training should be updated at least every two years in-line with HSCB. The designated safeguarding lead role is crucial in enabling all staff members in having an understanding of impact and diversity of safeguarding issues. The designated safeguarding lead will develop and monitor systems to update staff, pupils and families.
23.2 The Designated Safeguarding Lead should undertake Prevent awareness training, have clear understanding of risk assessment and update as appropriately.
23.3 In addition to the formal training set out above, their knowledge and skills should be refreshed (this might be via e-bulletins, meeting other Designated Safeguarding Leads, or simply taking time to read and digest safeguarding developments) at regular intervals, as required, but at least annually, to allow them to understand and keep up with any developments relevant to their role so they:
- Understand the assessment process for providing early help and intervention, for example through locally agreed common and shared assessment processes such as early help assessments.
- Have a working knowledge of how local authorities conduct a child protection case conference and a child protection review conference and be able to attend and contribute to these effectively when required to do so;
- Have an understanding of the lesson learnt from SCR (serious case reviews) and how best to implement the learning
24.0 RAISING AWARENESS – DESIGNATED SAFEGUARDING LEAD
The Designated Safeguarding Lead should ensure the school or college’s child protection policies are known, understood and used appropriately.
24.1 Designated safeguarding lead and Governance ensures the school or college’s child protection policy is reviewed annually (as a minimum) and the procedures and implementation are updated and reviewed regularly, and work with governing bodies or proprietors regarding this.
24.2 Ensure the child protection policy is available publicly and parents are aware of the fact that referrals about suspected abuse or neglect may be made and the role of the school or college in this;
Designated safeguarding lead has links with the SSCB and has contact names of all school representatives on Board and sub groups and can influences the work of the Board. We also as a school adopt local policies on safeguarding and training opportunities.
25.0 AVAILABILITY OF DESIGNATED SAFEGUARDING LEAD
- During term time the Designated Safeguarding Lead (or a deputy) is available at any time for staff in the school or college to discuss any safeguarding concerns.
26.0 COMMUNICATION – CONFIDENTUALITY/INFORMATION SHARING
26.1 At all times we will work in partnership and endeavour to establish effective working relationships with parents, carers and colleagues from other agencies in line with Working Together to Safeguard Children (2015). The schools works closely with social care from the host authority and, where appropriate from a placing local authority, for that authority to conduct, or to consider whether to conduct, a section 17 or a section 47 assessment.
26.2 As a school we recognise the importance of information sharing between professionals and local agencies. We follow best practice guidance:
26.3 Data Protection Act places a duty on organisations and individuals with regards to processing personal information fairly and lawfully. As a school we adhere to data protection yet we do not allow this to stand in our way in the need to promote the welfare and protect the safety of our children in our care.
27.0 MANAGING COMPLAINTS
27.1 As a school we have a compliment, comments and compliments policy. As a school we encourage children and families to raise with us compliments, concerns or comments and have a robust internal investigation process.
27.2 The compliment, comment or complaint policy states clearly the stages of complaints and where to escalate concerns following completion of process either through Ofsted or EFA.
27.3 Safeguarding concerns should be raised with school immediately. If a concern or a child is at immediate risk then the individual needs to contact MASH. (see contact details below). All visitors are given a safeguarding leaflet which outlines how to share concerns and also code of conduct expected by visitors/contractors.
28.0 SITE SECURITY
28.1 Manifold Academy provides a secure site but the site is only as secure as the people who use it. Therefore all people on the site have to adhere to the rules which govern it. Laxity can cause potential problems to safeguarding. Health and Safety Act 1989 and 2004
- Visitors gain access through the main entrance.
- Visitors, volunteers and students must only enter through the main entrance and after signing in at the office will be issued with a school lanyard or visitor’s pass. School has a clear system of ensuring staff are to be accompanied/supervised by regulated staff member. Any visitor on site who is not identifiable by visitors pass will be challenged by any staff member and this will be reported to senior leadership Team member.
- Parents, carers and grandparents attending functions have access only through the front foyer, with tickets for visitors for appropriate school events
- Children will only be allowed home with adults with parental responsibility or confirmed permission.
- Empty classrooms should have closed windows and doors.
- Children should never be allowed to leave school alone during school hours unless collected by an adult such as a parent who is doing so for a valid reason. They should report to the office to do this.
- Two members of staff are always on duty at break times.
- Health and safety audit to be completed annually with risk assessment. This to form part of Governors annual report. Developed with Prevent risk assessment.
- Risk management of site security is managed by senior leadership/Governance, school has a clear system of risk assessments and review timescales of these.
31.0 EYFS EYFS framework
This framework is mandatory for all early years’ providers (from 1 September 2014): maintained schools; non-maintained schools; independent schools; all providers on the Early Years Register.
Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in it’s own right. Good parenting and high quality early learning together provide the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure children’s ‘school readiness’ and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.
All our staff are aware there is an expectation to disclose any convictions, cautions, court orders, reprimands and warnings that may affect their suitability to work with children (whether received before or during their employment at the setting). Providers must not allow people, whose suitability has not been checked, including through a criminal records check, to have unsupervised contact with children being cared for.
As a school we ensure at least one person who has a current paediatric first aid certificate must be on the premises and available at all times when children are present, and must accompany children on outings.
There is a clear policy use of mobile phones on school premises. Reporting and storing of medication. hyper link to school policy
32.0 KEY LEGISLATION
This policy has been devised in accordance with the following legislation and guidance:
- Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015 (DfE) https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/working-together-to-safeguard-children
- Staffordshire Safeguarding Children Board Procedures (online) www.staffsscb.org.uk/professionals/procedures//
- Staffordshire Safeguarding Children Board Training Catalogue (online)
- Keeping Children Safe in Education April 2016 (DFE) www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/300309/KCSIE_gdnce_FINAL.pdf
- Disqualification under the Child Care Act 2006 – Crackley Bank Primary has hard signed copies of people who have left and follow this guidance.https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/disqualification-under-the-childcare-act-2006
- Information Sharing Advice for practitioners providing safeguarding services HM Gov 2015 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/safeguarding-practitioners-information-sharing-advice
- Restrictive Physical Interventions (including restraint) in mainstream schools
- The Children Act 1989 and 2004
- Education Act 2002
- What to do if you’re worried a child is being abused – March 2015 - advice for practitioners (HM Gov) https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/what-to-do-if-youre-worried-a-child-is-being-abused
- Online-safety Tool Kit
- Children Missing from Education Policy www.staffordshire.gov.uk/education/welfareservice/missing/CME-Referral/Children-Missing-Education-Policypdf.pdf
- Early Years Statutory Framework https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/335504/EYFS_framework_from_1_September_2014__with_clarification_note.pdf
- Statutory policies for schools https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/357068/statutory_schools_policies_Sept_14_FINAL.pdf
- NSPCC/TES safeguarding in education tool https://esat.nspcc.org.uk/Account/login.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2f
- Asylum seekers
- Children’s commissioner:
33.0 REFERENCE TO ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTS REGARDING CHILD PROTECTION AND SAFEGUARDING POLICY
- Children Act 1989 and 2004
- Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF 1989
- Data Protection Act 1998
- Every Child Matters – Change for Children 2004
- Freedom of Information Act 2000
- Race Relations Act 1976
- Race Relations Amendment Act 2000
- Sex Discriminations Acts 1975 and 1986
- Sex Discrimination (Gender Reassignment) Regulations 1999
- The Human Rights Act 2000
Safeguarding Agendas (Included in this section are national and local hyperlinks to policy)
- Bullying including Cyberbullying - bullying may be defined as deliberately hurtful behaviour, usually repeated over a period of time, where it is difficult for those bullied to protect themselves. It can take many forms but the main types are:
- physical (e.g. hitting, kicking, theft)
- verbal (e.g. racist or homophobic remarks, threats, name-calling)
- emotional (e.g. isolating an individual from the activities and social acceptance of their peer group)
“The damage inflicted by bullying (including cyberbullying via the internet) can frequently be underestimated. It can cause considerable distress to children, to the extent that it affects their health and development or, at the extreme, causes them significant harm (including self-harm). Information and Communication Technology (ICT), now more commonly referred to as Digital Technology, enables children and young people to learn, play, communicate and explore the world in fantastic new ways and many children and young people are now skilled in using digital technology including computers, tablets, mobile phones and gaming machines. However with this new technology there are new risks it is important we have understanding around prevention
preventing-and-tackling-bullying. Everyone who is responsible for the welfare and safety of children needs to understand what these risks are and how we can all work together to enjoy these new technologies safely. "As in any other area of life, children and young people are vulnerable and may expose themselves to danger - knowingly or unknowingly - when using the internet and other digital technologies. Indeed, some young people may find themselves involved in activities which are inappropriate or possibly illegal. Staffordshire on line bullying (Section 6C)
- Sexting – Sexting is when a young person takes an indecent images of them self and sends this to their friends or boy / girlfriends via mobile phones. Sexting/what-is-sexting
The problem is that once taken and sent, the sender has lost control of these images and these images could end up anywhere. They could be seen by your child’s future employers, their friends or even by paedophiles. CEOP The CEOP Command’s Thinkuknow programme provides resources, training and support for professionals who work directly with children and young people.
By having in their possession, or distributing, indecent images of a person under 18 on to someone else – young people are not even aware that they could be breaking the law as these are offences under the Sexual Offences Act 2003.
Staffordshire Further-Guidance-for-Practitioners (section C)
U tube resource -Training/Learning-resources
- Children missing education – All professionals working with children, as well as the wider community can help by remaining vigilant to children’s safety. The law states every child should be receiving an education, and we stand a better chance of ensuring a child’s safety if we know where and how they are receiving this. The Education and Inspections Act 2006 places a duty on local authorities in England and Wales to make arrangements to identify children and young people of compulsory school age Children-missing-education in their area; we work closely to ensure we put appropriate safeguarding responses in place for children who go missing from education. (Insert hyper link to attendance policy).
- Child missing from home or care - There are strong links between children involved in sexual exploitation and other behaviours such as running away from home or care, bullying, self-harm, teenage pregnancy, truancy and substance misuse. In addition, some children are particularly vulnerable, for example, children with special needs, those in residential or foster care, those leaving care, migrant children, particularly those who are unaccompanied, those forced into marriage, those involved in gangs and unaccompanied asylum seeking children. The majority of children who go missing are not in care and go missing from their family home. However, children who are looked after are much more likely to run away than those who live at home, and over 50% of young people in care have run away at some point. This is not to presume that the care system necessarily causes young people to run away. In many cases, a pattern of running away may have been established at an early age and may have been a factor in the young person’s admission to care. It is also important to remember that the majority of looked-after children do not go missing. Children-who-run-away-or-go-missing-from-home-or-care
Whilst each case needs to be considered on its merits, children who run away are at a heightened risk of being victims of crime, being sexually exploited, being involved in substance misuse or of becoming involved in crime and disorder. Additionally, research shows that the level of risk to the individual child escalates with each episode they go missing and repeat episodes have been identified as a significant indicator of high risk to the child or young person. Staffordshire Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4G)
- Child sexual exploitation (CSE) – “child sexual exploitation (CSE) is when a child/young person is used by being tricked into doing something sexual sometimes receiving something in return like love, affection, money, drugs or alcohol.” SEND pupils are particularly vulnerable to CSE and need to be closely monitored by both the SENCO and Designated Safeguarding Lead. CSE often occurs and manifests within ‘peer on peer’ abuse situations such as cyber-bullying, sexting, gender based violence.
National Working Group #SaySomething Campaign. what-to-do-if-you-suspect-a-child-is-being-sexually-exploited
Staffordshire dedicated website has further resources: www.knowaboutcse.co.uk
- Domestic violence – Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. This can encompass but is not limited to the following types of abuse:
- - psychological
- - physical
- - sexual
- - financial
- - emotional
This definition, which is not a legal definition, includes so called 'honour’ based violence, female genital mutilation (FGM) and forced marriage, and is clear that victims are not confined to one gender or ethnic group.
Domestic-violence-and-abuse is a generic term to describe a wide range of intentional behaviours used by one individual to control and dominate another with whom they have had, wished to have, or are currently in a close intimate, family or other type of relationship. It does not only relate to married or co-habiting couples, and it frequently continues after a relationship has ended. A significant number of women and children are no safer when they leave an abusive home, and for very many it is known that the level of violence and abuse can escalate. Staffordshire promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4N)
- Relationship Abuse – Domestic abuse is one of the key priorities of the Community Safety Partnership’s throughout the County of Staffordshire. The Community Safety Partnerships, which are made up of multi-agency members, have agreed to use the Home Office definition of domestic abuse:-
“Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults, aged 18 and over, who are or have been intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender and sexuality.” relationship-abuse/what-is-relationship-abuse
However, the Staffordshire Police definition of domestic abuse is:- “Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between partners and ex-partners aged 16 years and over, who are or have been intimate partners, regardless of gender and sexuality.” Staffordshire Individuals-who-pose-a-Risk-to-Children (section 5D)
- Drugs - there is evidence that children and young people are increasingly misusing alcohol and illegal drugs. Drugs-advice-for-schools there are many consequences range from non-attendance and poor attainment at school, poor health, committing crime to support 'habits' and also increased risk of being a victim of violent crime and sexual exploitation.
Working with Parent who misuse substances Staffordshire Promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4Q)
- Fabricated or induced illness - safeguarding-children-in-whom-illness-is-fabricated-or-induced - Fabricated or Induced Illness is a condition whereby a child suffers harm through the deliberate action of their carer and which is attributed by the adult to another cause.
There are three main ways of the parent/carer fabricating or inducing illness in
- Fabrication of signs and symptoms, including fabrication of past
- Fabrication of signs and symptoms and falsification of hospital
charts, records, letters and documents and specimens of bodily fluids.
- Induction of illness by a variety of means.
Harm to the child may be caused through unnecessary or invasive medical treatment, which may be harmful and possibly dangerous, based on symptoms that are falsely described or deliberately manufactured by the carer, and lack independent corroboration. The emotional impact of this on the child should always be considered. There may be a number of explanations for these circumstances and each requires careful consideration and review. Concerns about a child’s health should be discussed with a health professional who is involved with the child. Staffordshire Promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4R)
- Faith abuse – National-action-plan-to-tackle-child-abuse-linked-to-faith-or-belief Links to faith or belief includes: beliefs in concepts of witchcraft and spirit possession, demons or the devil acting through children or leading them astray (traditionally seen in some Christian beliefs), the evil eye or djinns (traditionally known in some Islamic faith contexts) and Dakini (in the Hindu context); ritual or multi murders where the killing of children is believed to bring supernatural benefits or the use of their body parts is believed to produce potent magical remedies; and use of belief in magic or witchcraft to create fear in children to make them more compliant when they are being trafficked for domestic slavery or sexual exploitation. This is not an exhaustive list and there will be other examples where children have been harmed when adults think that their actions have brought bad fortune, such as telephoning a wrong number which is believed by some to allow malevolent spirits to enter the home. Abuse linked to a belief in spirit possession can be hard for professionals to accept and it may be difficult to understand what children are likely to be experiencing; it can often take a number of visits or contacts to recognise such abuse. Staffordshire Guidance-for-Practitioners (section D)
- Female genital mutilation (FGM) – Multi-agency-statutory-guidance-on-female-genital-mutilation FGM is known by a number of names including „female genital cutting‟, „female circumcision‟ or „initiation‟. The term female circumcision suggests that the practice is similar to male circumcision, but it bears no resemblance to male circumcision, has serious health consequences and no medical benefits. There is a mandatory reporting duty for staff specifically for FGM as stated by the Serious Crime Act 2015.
FGM is also linked to domestic abuse, particularly in relation to „honour based violence‟. Staffordshire Promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section M)
- Forced marriage - Guidance forced-marriage There are some significant differences between the referral of a concern about a young person being forced into marriage and other child protection referrals. Professionals must be aware that sharing information with a young person’s parents, extended family or members of their community, could put the young person in a situation of significant risk. Any disclosure that indicates a young person may be facing a forced marriage must be taken seriously by professionals who should also realise that this could be ‘one chance to save a life. A forced marriage is a marriage in which one or both spouses do not consent to the marriage but are coerced into it. Duress can include physical, psychological, financial, sexual and emotional pressure. In cases of vulnerable adults who lack the capacity to consent to marriage, coercion is not required for a marriage to be forced. Staffordshire Promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4L)
- Gender-based violence/violence against women and girls (VAWG) - violence-against-women-and-girls
Too many women are still victims of domestic and sexual violence. We must help
young people to understand what a healthy relationship is and to re-think their views
of controlling behaviour, violence, abuse, sexual abuse and consent.
- Hate - Educate against hate A hate crime is a crime committed against someone because of their:
- race or ethnicity
- religion or belief
- sexual orientation
- transgender identity
- alternative subculture
- Gangs and youth violence - Advice-to-schools-and-colleges-on-gangs-and-youth-violence
The Policing and Crime Act 2009 (‘the 2009 Act’) contains provisions for injunctions to prevent gang-related violence and gang-related drug dealing activity to be sought against an individual; these were commenced in January 2011.
The Crime and Security Act 2010 contains provisions for breach of an injunction to be enforced against 14 to 17 year olds; the Crime and Courts Act 2013 moved jurisdiction for these proceedings from the County Court to the Youth Court.
The Serious Crime Act 2015 contains provisions that amend the statutory definition of what comprises a “gang”, as defined in section 34(5) of Part IV of the Policing and Crime Act 2009, and expands the scope of the activity a person must have engaged in, encouraged or assisted, or needs to be protected from, before a gang injunction can be imposed to include drug dealing activity. Locally, the following definition of gangs, as included within Dying to Belong (Centre for Social Justice, 2009), has been adopted:
A relatively durable, predominantly street-based group of young people who;
- (1) See themselves (and are seen by others) as a discernible group, and
- (2) Engage in a range of criminal activity and violence
They may also have any or all of the following factors:
(3) Identify with or lay claim over territory
(4) Have some form of identifying structural feature
(5) Are in conflict with other, similar, gangs.
- Mental health - Mental-health-and-behaviour-in-schools This non-statutory advice clarifies the responsibility of the school, outlines what they can do and how to support a child or young person whose behaviour - whether it is disruptive, withdrawn, anxious, depressed or otherwise - may be related to an unmet mental health need.
Parenting capacity and mental health Staffordshire Promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4O)
- Missing Children and Adults strategy - Missing-children-and-adults-strategy Research has shown that children are more likely than adults to go missing, placing them in risky situations and increasing their vulnerability to a whole range of issues, including homelessness, becoming a victim or perpetrator of crime and, as we are increasingly aware, placing many of these vulnerable young people at greater risk of child sexual exploitation.
- Private Fostering – A privately fostered child, being under the age of 16 (18 if disabled), is cared for and provided with accommodation by someone other than; a parent, person with parental responsibility or a close relative- defined in the Children-act-1989-private-fostering or the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 as a grandparent, brother, sister, aunt or uncle (whether of full blood or half blood or by marriage) or by step parent. The intention should be that the placement lasts for 28 days or more. As a school if we make private fostering arrangements we will request that DBS checks are requested by the regulated activity provider. Staffordshire Promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4E)
- Preventing Radicalisation –Prevent-duty-guidance The current threat from terrorism in the United Kingdom can involve the exploitation of vulnerable people, including children of all ages, young people and adults to involve them in terrorism or activity in support of terrorism. Violent Extremism is defined by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) as: "The demonstration of unacceptable behaviour by using any means or medium to express views, which: Encourage, justify or glorify terrorist violence in furtherance of particular beliefs; Seek to provoke others to terrorist acts; Encourage other serious criminal activity or seek to provoke others to serious criminal acts; Foster hatred which might lead to inter-community violence in the UK."
Staffordshire Guidance-for-Practitioners (section 6L)
Human trafficking is defined by the UNHCR guidelines (2006) as a process that is a combination of three basic components:
- Movement (including within the UK);
- Control, through harm / threat of harm or fraud;
- For the purpose of exploitation.
The Palermo Protocol establishes children as a special case for whom there are only two components –movement and exploitation. Any child transported for exploitative reasons is considered to be a trafficking victim – whether or not s/he has been deceived, because it is not considered possible for children to give informed consent.
‘Child’ refers to children anyone below 18 years of age.
A child may be trafficked between several countries in the EU or globally, prior to being trafficked into / within the UK. The child may have entered the UK illegally or legally (i.e. with immigration documents), but the intention of exploitation underpins the entire process. Child victims may be indigenous UK nationals, European Union [EU] nationals from any country outside the EU. Staffordshire Promoting-the-Welfare-Safety-of-Children-in-Specific-Circumstances (section 4k)
De-escalation - Restrictive Physical intervention – The expectation is that as far as possible schools and young people’s settings and services will be restraint free. Poorly or incorrectly used, restrictive physical interventions are a source of risk to the young person and members of staff. The correct use of restrictive physical interventions must always be an act of last resort and not normal practice and be based on the best needs of the individual. Schools and settings should take all reasonable actions to reduce the potential need to use restrictive physical interventions as far as practicable.
An individual behaviour support plan (which may support or be part of an Individual Healthcare Plan) should be written for children and young people whose behaviour presents a significant challenge. This plan should detail the steps that are being taken to address the individual’s particular social, emotional and learning needs. It should also include the steps that staff should take to de-escalate challenging situations as well as what they should do if these steps are not successful (‘an incident management plan’). The individual behaviour support plan should consider risks and how they are being minimised and managed.
Reduction in the need to use Restrictive Physical Interventions is achieved by analysing the interactions between each young person/pupil and their environment which identifies potential triggers that need to be avoided at critical periods. This involves:-
- Helping young people to avoid possible situations known to provoke challenging behaviour;
- Having education plans/care programmes which are responsive to individual needs;
- Creating opportunities for service users/pupils to engage in meaningful activities which include opportunities for choice and a sense of achievement;
- Developing staff expertise in working with individuals that present challenges.
- Understanding that behaviour is often a method of communication
On Line Safety – the use of technology has become a significant component of many safeguarding issues.The internet can be a fantastic place for children and young people where they can talk to friends, be creative and have fun. However, just like in the real world sometimes things can go wrong. Working with our children we develop curriculum developing skills in identifying and avoiding risk, learning how best to protect themselves and their friends, and knowing how to get support and report abuse if they do encounter difficulties.
Staffordshire Further-Guidance-for-Practitioners (section C)
Children's commissioner - publications
The governance body and Headteacher have systems in place to limit child/ren’ exposure to safeguarding issues through IT safeguards. We have filters and monitoring systems in place and these are regulated and risk assessed as part of the prevent duty. We have an online safety policy (inset hyper link- school) which identifies the usage and expected behaviour of children/students. As a school we appreciate the value of technology and that appropriate filters are in place yet this does not lead to unreasonable restrictions which would limit online teaching and safeguarding.
RELATES POLICIES (delete as appropriate)
To underpin the values and ethos of our school and our intent to ensure that pupils at our school are appropriately safeguarded the following policies are also included under our safeguarding umbrella:
- Staff Code of Conduct
- Preventing Extremism & Radicalisation Policy
- Anti-Bullying (including cyber bullying indicators)
- Use of reasonable force (physical intervention)
- Recruitment & Selection
- Code of conduct
- Educational visits
- Site Security
- Online safety – IT code of conduct
- Health and Safety including site security
- Harassment and discrimination including racial abuse
- Meeting the needs of pupils with medical conditions
- Dignity and care
- First aid
- Educational visits including overnight stays
- Storage of Mobile Phone, Images of children (Early Years Framework 2014). The use of mobile phones and cameras is covered in a separate policy – see website – Mobile Phone and Camera Policy. Please enter relevant school policies making sure that these have been approved by the Governing Body and state both the date of approval and arrangements for review.
LST Duty Numbers
LST 1 Biddulph:
LST 12 Burntwood:
LST 2 Leek:
LST 13 Lichfield:
LST 3 Kidsgrove:
LST 14 Rugeley:
LST 4 Madeley:
LST 15 Cannock West:
LST 5 Chesterton:
LST 16 Cannock East:
LST 6 Uttoxeter:
LST 17 South Staffs North:
LST 7 Paget:
LST 18 South Staffs South:
LST 8 Stapenhill:
LST 19 Stafford North:
LST 9 Wilnecote:
LST 20 Stafford South:
LST 10 Glascote: